Food Processing Industry in India


By

Dr. Jyoti Sharma
Senior Academic Consultant
Mahiaa Energy and Environment Technology Consultancy Services
Delhi
 


Abstract

Food industry in India has emerged as an important sector for diversification of agriculture and has established it's creditability in improving farm income through increased productivity, generating employment and increasing exports besides providing household nutritional security. India has now emerged as second 2nd largest producer of food and production in the world contributing 10% to 13.8 % of the total world production of food products respectively.

Introduction

Indian food industry is booming and processing is highly diverse industry processing is highly diverse industry sector comprising some major subsector. Fruit, Alcoholic and Non-alcoholic beverages confectionary, health foods and supplements. As such growth of sector has been the highest in developed economics especially across western Europe, north America, Japan and Australia organized retailing and availability of better processing technologies too have contributed to growth of sector.

Present Position

India endorsed with diverse agro –climate condition and large irrigated area rank as the world 2nd largest food producer, next only to china.

From high independence on external sources to self –sufficiency in 60 year. India has achieved several distinctions in food production.

The country world ranking as a producer vis-à-vis other nations improved considerably, with respect to major products as indicated in table below

India's World Ranking as Producer of Major Agro-Food

S.No.

Food

Production in Million Tonnes

Rank

1

Wheat

72

2

2

Rice

124

2

3

Grains

29

3

4

Milk

91

1

5

Fruits

47

2

6

Vegetables

82

2

7

Edible Oil

25

3

8

Pulses

15

1

9

Sugarcane

245

2

10

Tea

0.85

1

                                                                                   Source – India Statistical Year Book 2009

Market Trends

Consumption patterns in India are in rapid transition particularly in urban areas and in certain population. The quick frozen products industry has developed rapidly in India. According to Euromonitor in 2009. Total sales of Frozen Produced food totaled to RMB 15 billion ( US $ 2 Millions) of 4 % increase over the level prevailed in the year 2008. There here around 2000 quick Frozen food manufacture in India 2009.

Over the last ten Years, India's banking sector has grown by 10% annually. However the industry still remains highly Fragmented Traders in India broadly categorize ingredients into 3 Groups.

1. Item Used less frequently but that add value to the final products such as baking powder, chocolate
2. Additive and colouring
3. Large volumes of frequently used items ingredients such sugar fat and Oil

Market share of various processed food in India 2019

Category

Products

Market Share

Frozen Food

Frozen Processed Poultry

28 %

Frozen Food

Red Meat

43%

Baby Food

Infant M ilk powder

87%

Baby Food

Dried Baby Food

11%

Baby Food

Prepared Baby food

13%

Dairy Products

Cheese

19%

Dairy Products

Yoghurt

1.0 %

Dairy Products

Fluid Milk Products

80%

                                                                                                                         Source - Euro monitor

Conclusion

India is the world 2nd largest food market and also a large processor of much food market and also a large processor of many food categories supplying to both domestic and export markets. The ratio of processed output value in India is only 1:2, where as it is 3:1 in developed countries leaving ample room for expansion

References

1. India Statistical Year Book 2009
2. Digest of Statistics ( 2002), Directorate of Economics and Statistics, Planning and Development, New Delhi
3. India 2001-02, Popular Prakashan (p) Ltd 2002, p.11

Article by Dr Jyoti Sharma for Mahiaa Energy and Environment Technology Consultancy Services Delhi for
March 2019 Month
 

                                                                                                                                                                               

   Published on IndianFaculty.com: 14/03/2019

 Source: E-mail 11/03/2019

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